Brain Injury Specialism

Acquired Brain Injury

An Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is brain damage caused by events after birth; it is not a genetic or congenital disorder. It can cause cognitive, physical, emotional, or behavioural deficits that can lead to permanent or temporary changes in the individual’s everyday functioning.

These impairments result from either traumatic brain injury (e.g. physical trauma from accidents, assaults etc.) or non-traumatic injury derived from either an internal or external source (e.g. stroke, brain tumours, infection, poisoning, ischemia or substance-abuse). While cognition and behaviour is altered in virtually all forms of ABI, brain injury itself affects every individual differently. Since the brain controls every part of human life: physical, intellectual, behavioural, social and emotional abilities, when it is damaged, a person’s life may be adversely affected in any domain.

Major life adjustments are usually needed to incorporate the brain injured individual’s new circumstances, and making that adjustment successfully is a critical factor in recovery and rehabilitation. While the outcome of a given injury depends largely upon the nature and severity of the injury itself, appropriate treatment always plays a vital role in determining the level of recovery.


Some of the causes of acquired brain injuries include:


Stroke: This is a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) which can be caused by a blocked artery.

Trauma: Where the brain is subjected to an unreasonable force or assault, this type of injury will usually lead to an altered state of mind/consciousness and may place the individual in a comatose state. A number of these injuries are caused by motor vehicle accidents, falls and trips, whilst playing sports or even in the workplace. They can cause mild reversible impairments to severe long standing deficits.

Infection: An infection such as encephalitis or meningitis can cause great damage to the brain. This can be quite diffuse and can cause numerous impairments or maybe rather localised i.e. it may only damage one component of the brain and may only cause one selective impairment.

Tumour: In this instance it maybe that a tumour has not been detected in time or as a consequence of the treatment for a tumour the brain is lesioned.

Hypoxia: During incidents such as drowning or when the heart stops, this causes a lack of oxygen to the brain which causes the neurons in this area to die.

Poisoning: Where perhaps there has been exposure to certain pesticides or other harmful chemicals, drugs and alcohol, these will damage and even kill certain cells within the brain.

Cerebral haemorrhage: this is a bleed in the brain, it can be caused after an injury or maybe spontaneous i.e. a ruptured aneurysm.

We are able to support individuals with all the impairments that are caused after all types of brain injury.


Neurological conditions

A neurological disorder is a disorder which originates from abnormalities in the body’s nervous system. Structural, biochemical or electrical abnormalities in the brain, spinal cord or other nerves can result in a range of symptoms and different disorders. Such symptoms include paralysis, muscle weakness, poor coordination, loss of sensation, seizures, confusion, pain and altered levels of consciousness. There are many recognised neurological disorders, such as Cerebral Palsy, Angelman’s syndrome, Huntington’s Disease and Motor Neuron Disease.

Our highly trained employees are dedicated to care for individuals with acquired brain injuries and neurological disorders within their own homes. We provide care that is individually tailored to our clients and which is formed from a multidisciplinary team of experts; neurologists, neuropsychologists, clinical psychologists and specialised nurses.

Please contact us to find out more.



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